October 18 in the frame of the Day of Spiritual Accord, at 14:00 (GMT + 6), Nur-Sultan (Kazakhstan) will host an International conference themed: "Strengthening interfaith and interethnic harmony as an answer to modern world challenges ".
Identities and modernization: difference in interaction methods Identity and modernization are concepts that providing a proper definition from them has been very difficult, forever.
The Word "identity is derived from identitias, that have meaning of continuity and distinction .although these two contrast meanings seem that focus on two main and complementary aspects of identity , originally. Therefore, identity can relate to feeling of continuity and linkage ,being unique and distinctive from others.  While our investigation has another aspect and this is modernization. Idiom of " modern" extracted from a latin word " modo" and it means updating and flowing in its main structure . idiom of Modernism is symbol of thoughts and new methods that replace traditional thoughts and methods and process of doing it in society considered as modernization . but for investigating interaction of these two concepts ,we need a thing more than their mere definition or even entering some pre-judgments. So, we pay attention to more realities from this concept before any thing.
Identities are different and various. The meaning and understanding that people have from themselves in group, is origin of making social identity (social means impersonal and collective unless identities all are social) . social identity interpreted as national identity by considering political arena and means undertaking and dependence feeling of society people to cultural mysteries and signs including norms, values, language, religion, literature , history and material objects that is origin of material integration and coherence. Up to here, a few variety of identities ,we have considered them and while we have to pay attention to this point that humans are not follower of an unique identity but they are dependent on various identities. A person can have coincidentally national identity, religious identity, tribal identity , class identity , and special political one and there is no contradiction among identities. These identities ,in one hand, emerge based on making linkage among themselves and social forms and it is a social thing in this regard and in another hand, they are relative and undergo changes during the time . as a result, against primary imaginations ,identities not only does not remain fix and intact ,but they are changing and rebuilding. This identity change occurs,historically. One of the nation's specifications is having identity and historical continuity of this identity. In one hand, shaping collective identities such as national identity provided that existence a collective memorial that through it ,the group recognizes its background and interprets it. model of Carl Dowich about role of memorial in social and ,historical systems indicates role of this factor in continuity of collective identities. in fact, national identity made from constructiristic narrations .in today world, despite processes like Globalization and restricting role of governments in international relations, importance of national identity is not decreasing and reality of nation-government could not discard from internal political equations of countries . it can be used from ethno-symbolism to explain phenomenon of nation and national identity. According to the former view , nation evolution has basical importance in arranging symbols and values of a society and considering the past could not be ignored for change of time. This process begins from a primary tribal core , during long years this primary tribal core develops and turns into an integrated identity, gradually and in a social entity , defines boundary with its surrounding environment .of course, national identity can shape to some extent from education, propagation and similar ways ,then it is established. But the important point is that even if we obtain identity by itself and through shaping process, many obstacles can be considered in this process . the given challenge mostly devided into two parts: previous challenges and next challenges . the former in process of making a social identity is due to making nation process. In this situation , for entering tribal case to nation one and making national identity , making nation emerges. However, after entering situation of being nation and building new national identity , a new challenge emerges that is due to two processes of modernization and globalization. Although from definitions, these challenges follow each other , in fact , this is a contradictory situation ; so that at present ,some society experience two challenges ,coincidentally. For example, story of being Iranian has much fullness but small and new –found countries try to make such story and self-awareness among their subjects through propagation and artificial things as much as possible; though locating these imaginations and deposition of it in general culture and thoughts is fairly difficult.
since this except need for time to institutionalizing due to interference with modernization process ,has a doubled challenge in these societies. In this time, modernization and its consequences like globalization , media ,emigration , business and consumption can change various identities of a society from primary form by effecting on them. But its effect on any of the kinds of identity is different and even these identities may appear different reactions in various conditions .for instance, it may that national identity sustains more than local identities against modernization and or its consequences. however, it may that as per pressure that is on smaller identities ( by considering problem of minorities and so on) ,these identities show more resistance. So, the modernization can not destroy identity as regarded ; but even it might that it improves it. In fact , it is a prejudgment in question at the beginning of this paper . a part of these problems are due to that identity as a fix element and not dynamic is considered .sometimes even made factors of some kind of identity such as religion mix with identity. As well as in cases what is supposed as identity and is changing , are traditions. The missing link in this investigation is globalization. Gidanz point outs global connction and increasing social relations as a consequence of modernity in defining globalization. Globalization ,in fact means linkage of social events and social relations of the far territories with local or native context of other societies and this can be effective in expressing modernization relation and identities. really, except for effort for keeping existence of an identity in primary position of that identity through education methods and similar cases, it should be noted to globalization function and possibility of developing given identity through this way. In this order, it may be said that any of identities in different conditions, shows various reactions to modernization and its consequences and,therefore there is a kind of difference in methods of interaction .
Taghi Azad Armaki, Iranian culture and identity and globalization, Tehran, Iranian civilization publications, 2007, p133
. Karl deutsch, nerves of government, newyork: free press, 1996,p.85-86
. M. Guibernau, Globalization and Nation-state, In Understanding Nationalism, eds. M. Guibernau and J, Hutchinson, Cambridge, Polity Press, 2001, p. 243.
. Jahangir Moeeni Alamdari, identity, history and narration in Iran, in book (Iran, identity, nationality, being tribe), Hamid Ahmadi, Institue of development and researches of Arts, 2004,P48.
. The same , P 48
. Modernity and Self-Identity: Self and Society in the Late Modern Age, Antony Giddens, Stanford University press, Stanford, California, 1991. p 21- 22.